Parapsychology Degrees

Can you get a degree in paranormal research?Parapsychology Degrees — or a degree in Paranormal Studies — can open the door to many ghost hunting opportunities.

As Gertrude Schmeidler said in her 1972 report to the American Society for Psychical Research, “The Ph.D. is the union card.” It doesn’t assure you that people will take you seriously… but it can help.

However, most universities edge away from controversy by calling their programs something other than “paranormal studies.”

Catch phrases include “consciousness” and “alternative psychology.”

Some colleges study psychic phenomena, including ghosts, “luck,” remote viewing, etc.  Those activities are usually sponsored by departments like psychology, biology, or social sciences.

Ivy League universities conduct similar research. That is not advertised and they do not offer degrees in the field.

In other words, your major might be in physics, biology, psychology or engineering, or some other field. You may study parapsychology, but your diploma will look more mainstream. This can be useful in career terms, if you don’t find a full-time career in paranormal studies.

Note: Even with a parapsychology degree, you’re unlikely to find full-time research work in this field.

Most full-time ghost hunters are self-employed, and find income from a variety of sources. That’s very different from the luxury of doing serious, full-time research in a respected scientific setting.

Some universities and research groups offer workshops and symposia related to paranormal studies. Some include academic credits or certification.

Remember, you can take free ghost hunting courses at Hallowfields. com

Some accredited colleges offer degrees that are designed for the individual, and include credit for life experience. But, they aren’t likely to award a formal degree in parapsychology.

As of mid-2006, when I first wrote this article, no accredited American college or university offered a formal parapsychology or paranormal studies degrees.  The topic is too controversial.

Many “degree mills” have sprouted up since the late 1960s. Their letterhead may look impressive. They may claim a 30+ year history in the field. They’re still degree mills. They have no accreditation, and very little respect in the professional community. Don’t waste your time and money.

Likewise, any certified course – including mine – isn’t a degree.  It provides a basic background in paranormal research. What you’ll learn gives you credibility among ghost hunters. My course is free.  The last time I checked, it was the only free, comprehensive ghost hunting course, online.

Others charge money for similar courses.  I can’t recommend spending more than $100, no matter how good the training.

Instead, invest that money in events, and any books you can’t find at your public library.  Read books by ghost hunters. Study regional folklore. Go on as many ghost hunts as possible. That’s the education you really need.

I know that people like to see “official” credentials. If you’re helping frightened people deal with ghosts in their homes, they’re more likely to trust you if you’ve been trained and certified in the field of ghost hunting.

Ghost hunting courses can save you years of “reinventing the wheel” when they tell you honestly what ghosts and hauntings are really like. For example:

  • Ghosts don’t usually look like dead people.
  • They rarely moan or rattle chains.
  • Many ghosts think they can turn back the clock and resume their lives, or make retroactive changes.

However, that’s practical information.  It’s different from college courses that given you an overview from a psychological standpoint. It’s not a laboratory study of psi-related phenomena.

Here are a few universities that – in the past – have offered related courses and degrees.

Important: This list may not be current.  Curricula change steadily, sometimes from one semester to the next.

Universities that may offer courses in paranormal studies and parapsychology degrees


  • Edinburgh – The University of Edinburgh is among the most highly respected in the field of parapsychology, and has awarded parapsychology degrees. Their Koestler Parapsychology Unit hosts considerable psi-related research.
  • Hertfordshire – Professor Richard Weisman researches luck and paranormal-related phenomena at the University of Hertfordshire.


    • Arizona – The Center for Consciousness Studies at the University of Arizona offers many courses that focus on issues related to alternative and paranormal studies. These include web-based courses as well as on-campus resources.
    • New Jersey – Princeton University takes a slightly different approach with Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research (PEAR). It’s focused on the “Scientific Study of Consciousness-Related Physical Phenomena” including innovative paranormal studies and remote perception.
    • North Carolina – Duke University’s Rhine Research Center has been “an Institute for the Study of Consciousness,” and has offered many psi-related courses, workshops, and seminars.


    • At one time, the International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS) offered academic symposia and parapsychology research opportunities. As of early 2016, ISLIS seems to be offline.


    • Amsterdam – The Psychology department at the University of Amsterdam has — in the past — offered courses in paranormal studies. In July 2006, parapsychology courses were not featured at their website, which is in Dutch. With further research, you may find their courses, or they may feature them later. (Also see the nearby University of Utrecht courses, below.)
    • Utrecht – Professor Dick J. Bierman at the University of Utrecht (UU) offered an Internet-based introduction to parapsychology. (As of late 2016, his name wasn’t at the UU site.  However, the University (on-campus) may offer courses — formal or as “clubs” — in related fields.

More parapsychology study links


For over 15 years, I’ve offered a free “Introduction to Ghost Hunting” course. It’s an overview of ghost hunting, and — on the honor system — offers a free certificate to anyone who completes the course.


IMPORTANT: Do not confuse my free “Introduction to Ghost Hunting” course with someone else’s IGHS Home Study Course which – in three or four parts – was (and perhaps still is) sold for $400.

I have never endorsed or had anything to do with that course or the people who offer it. (One of my former students described her IGHS experience as “the most expensive t-shirt I ever got.”)

My past, field courses

Between 2002 and 2008, I taught ghost hunting courses in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Washington, and Florida.

All of my students received certificates of completion upon completing their respective courses.  (I have never claimed to “license” ghost hunters, and I’ve always been frank about certification and what it means.)

I had a great time and met wonderful people, but… well, I don’t want to say I’ve retired, but I am dedicating more time to research and writing, and less to public appearances.

In the future, all of my courses will be free and online, at

Earning a Living as a Ghost Hunter

Money keyCan you earn a living as a ghost hunter?

Maybe. As they say, “don’t quit your day job.”

In general, few ghost hunters can support themselves without charging for some aspect of what they do.

I first wrote the following article in 2008.  I’ve updated it a few times since then, but it’s impossible to be 100% current regarding income in the paranormal field.

So, use this as a starting point, and carefully examine any income sources that appeal to you.

Since around 2002, the following have been the main income sources in this field.

Professional ghost investigations – not recommended

A few ghost groups and individuals charge a fee to investigate private homes and businesses. They may charge per-hour, or a flat fee for a certain number of hours plus a printed, illustrated report.

The number of them charging a fee… that’s dwindling daily. (As of 2017, I don’t know anyone who does this.)

Today, most ghost investigators  — including some of the most competent and experienced people in this field — work free of charge.

The sleazes in this field — people who are eager to make a quick dollar at the expense of vulnerable people — their true colors are becoming more & more obvious now.

I’m not saying that you have to work for free, or pay expenses out of your own pocket.

However, by the time most people actually admit they have a ghost problem, they’ve probably lost their jobs due to stress and lack of sleep, and they’re in desperate financial shape.

Personally, I can’t accept a cent from them.  It feels immoral.

So, I can’t recommend investigating for a fee.

Teach ghost-related classes – success varies

Some paranormal professionals teach classes related to ghost hunting. Assuming there’s interest in your community, here are a few options:

  • You can teach privately.
  • Your adult ed program or community group may ask you to teach a workshop or class series.
  • A local college may hire you to teach informal or for-credit classes.

Teaching can be profitable, as well as rewarding on a personal level.

But, not everyone is comfortable speaking to groups. In addition, paranormal studies can attract quirky, independent-minded people.

As a teacher, flexibility and a sense of boundaries are essential.  If you can handle that, it’s a fine career choice.

You’ll meet fascinating, intelligent people. Everyone has a story to tell, and every day–and class–is more interesting than the previous one.

Work as a media consultant – it works well for some

Haunted houseMovies and TV shows often rely upon professionals for insights, locations, historical research, script corrections, and advice on realistic special effects. However, these jobs are few and far between.

I’ve been a consultant for TV shows, usually off-camera, and — as I’ve made clear — I don’t recommend it to others.

Remember, most of my friends who’ve been on TV shows — even if they’re the stars of those shows — kept their day jobs or were supported by a spouse or partner.  Despite rumors to the contrary, TV series don’t pay very well.

Learn as much as you can about this career field before accepting work.

Do space clearing – best in areas with a New Age community

Whether the house or business is plagued by ghosts, poltergeists, or some other negative energy, space clearing can be a fulfilling and interesting field. And, since many states’ laws require disclosure of ghosts when a house is sold, realtors can be a fine source of work.

If you can banish negative ghostly energy, the house likely to sell for a much better price… and faster.

As you get results, you’ll also get referrals to homes and offices that aren’t on the market, but need help with negative energy, and perhaps hauntings.

When I talk about this, many people raise an eyebrow and ask if it’s not just placebo effect.

Yes, maybe it is, most of the time.  Lapsing into geek mode, that concept fits with the “observer” factor in quantum studies.

All in all, if it makes people happy and it’s a benign practice, I don’t see anything wrong with that.

However, if this goes against your beliefs, don’t do it.  It’s that simple.

I’m certain that something in space clearing works, in some cases. It’s a field that covers far more than ghosts and hauntings.

You can use prayer (a “house blessing“) or — at the other extreme — a sage smudge. It’s vital to use whatever fits your beliefs and the beliefs of the homeowner or realtor. (The latter is very important. Do not offend those who need your help. At best, you’ll annoy them; at worst, your efforts may backfire and attract unwanted, negative energy.)

For non-religious space clearing methods, I recommend books such as:

The way I look at space clearing is like using air freshener:  It should make the room (or floor, or house) feel better. When you’ve finished, the site should seem lighter, happier, and cleaner.

Do not internalize this. It should not be a ritual, unless that’s your spirituality and everyone involved agrees with it.

If you offer this service, you’ll charge by the square foot or by the time spent commuting to the site and clearing it.  Allow extra time for return visits to sites with very heavy energy or residual hauntings.

Debunk ‘hauntings’ (false anomalies) – opportunities have dwindled, but it may provide occasional income

There are many opportunities in this field. As I’ve already mentioned, realtors are dismayed when they have to tell a buyer that a property is haunted.

If you can prove that the house’s problems aren’t caused by ghosts, you’re providing a valuable service to the real estate community.

As a consultant, I’ve confirmed that something paranormal is going on at some locations.

However, at least 50% of the time, the real problem is wiring (elevated EMF), carbon monoxide, plumbing, squirrels (or racoons), or infrasound. So, it’s a good idea to work with a handyman who’s familiar with problems in local houses.

Some paranormal consultants charge a flat fee, up-front.  That’s usually about $50, and it’s just for the diagnosis, whether the home is actually haunted or not.  (Do not promise to fix the problem, yourself.  If it’s a wiring issue or plumbing, that could get very expensive. Give that part of the job to the handyman who accompanied you during the inspection.)

Other consultants charge a percentage of the selling price of the home, when the sale is complete.  That can mean a far bigger paycheck, but only if the house sells.

Either way, get everything in writing.


Write articles – still viable, if you’re ambitious and a prolific writer

Magazines still offer the best paychecks, and competition isn’t as bad as you might think.  Get a copy of The Renegade Writer, and use your public library’s copy of Writers Markets.

Some articles will sell for $15, others for $150, and a few for $1,500.  If you’re good with words and “hooks” to sell your articles and interest readers, you can earn four figures per month, in your spare time.

Write books – unless you write for Llewellyn, go indie

I love being an author.

However, you’re not likely to get rich writing books for traditional publishers.  I earn about 25 cents for each book sold by my traditional publishers. That’s normal, even for best-selling authors.

Instead, become an indie author. You can write & publish your own books through Amazon, B&N, and other online booksellers.

You probably won’t earn a living from one book.  You may not earn much from five or six books.  However, if you’re a prolific author, you could support yourself with books.

Create a popular YouTube channel or Internet TV show – lots of competition

YouTube, Roku and other services can provide great platforms for your videos.

All you need is a video camera (even the one in your phone) and Internet access. YouTube makes it simple. Or, on services such as Roku, you can  create a private channel, build your audience, and you’re on your way.

If you’re an entertainer, this might be your opportunity. Remember that you’re competing with a lot of other ghost hunters that offer a wealth of free videos. Find a way to present something different that still appeals to people who loved the Ghost Hunters TV series, Paranormal State, or other TV shows.

And remember, Most Haunted (UK) returned in 2017. Ghost Adventures continues to attract viewers, too. So, there’s still an interest in ghost hunting, but it’s not what it was in 2004.

Even now, you can earn a living as a ghost hunter

Since 2008, it’s been increasingly difficult to earn a living as a paranormal researcher. In the U.S., opportunities have dwindled.

That doesn’t mean it’s impossible; it’s just challenging. Very challenging.

No two ghost hunters will make the same income choices.  Compromises may be necessary.

You’ll also need to be creative, and find niches well-suited to your interests and talents.

However, if you’re determined to earn a full-time living as a ghost hunter, you can do it.

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